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Last updated: 06 Jul 2015
Country1990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014
Afghanistan       44.9      32.9        25.0 
Albania       7.1  17.0    6.6   6.3     
Algeria  9.2  11.3    5.4 11.1  3.7         
Angola      37.0          15.6       
Argentina    1.7 4.7        2.3         
Armenia        2.7 2.6    4.2    5.3    
Azerbaijan      8.8   14.05.9    8.4        
Bahrain     7.6                   
Bangladesh61.561.260.656.158.055.254.052.550.749.542.343.241.038.942.737.337.941.3   36.831.935.1 
Barbados                       3.5 
Belarus               1.3         
Belize  5.4             4.9    6.2   
Benin      26.2    21.5    20.2        
Bhutan         14.1        10.4 12.8    
Bolivia9.710.210.5 11.0   5.9    5.9    4.5      
Bosnia and Herzegovina          4.2     1.6     1.5  
Botswana      15.1   10.7      11.2       
Brazil      4.5     3.7    2.2       
Bulgaria              1.6          
Burkina Faso   29.6     33.7   35.2  37.6  26.026.224.424.4  
Burundi          38.9    35.2    29.1    
Cambodia      42.6   39.5    28.4  28.8 29.0    
Cameroon 18.0      17.3     15.1 16.6    15.1   
Cape Verde    11.8                    
Central African Republic    24.0     21.8     28.0   23.5    
Chad       34.3  29.4   33.9     30.3    
Chile    0.80.80.7 0.70.7 0.70.70.60.6 0.60.60.5    0.5 
China12.6 14.2  10.7  6.9 7.4 6.8  4.5  3.83.43.4    
Colombia     6.3    4.9    5.1    3.4    
Comoros  15.2   21.1   25.0           16.9  
Congo               11.8     11.8   
Costa Rica2.52.22.02.01.9 3.8           1.1      
Cote d'Ivoire    20.3   18.2       16.729.4    15.7  
Cuba          3.4              
Czech Republic 0.9         2.1             
Democratic Republic of the Congo     30.7     33.6     28.2  24.2  23.4 
Djibouti      16.0     25.4   29.6     29.8  
Dominican Republic 8.4    4.7   3.5 4.2   4.63.4     4.0 
Ecuador        12.5     6.2        6.4 
Egypt 10.5 8.2 10.8 10.29.4    8.7 5.4  6.8      
El Salvador   7.2    9.6    6.1    6.6      
Equatorial Guinea       13.8  15.7   10.6     5.6    
Eritrea   36.9 39.6      34.5       38.8    
Ethiopia  41.9       42.0    34.6     29.2  25.2
Fiji   6.9          5.3          
Gabon          8.8           6.5  
Gambia      23.2   15.4     15.8   17.4    
Georgia         2.7     2.3   1.1     
Germany               1.1         
Ghana   25.8     20.3   18.8  13.9 14.3  13.4   
Guatemala     21.7   20.319.6 17.7      13.0     
Guinea    21.2    21.229.1    22.5 20.8   16.318.7  
Guinea-Bissau          21.9     17.4 16.6 18.1    
Guyana   16.1   10.3  11.9     10.8  11.1     
Haiti23.7   24.0     13.9     18.9     11.6  
Honduras  15.8 16.1 19.2    12.5    8.6     7.1  
India  52.851.2   38.4 46.3      43.5        
Indonesia  29.8  30.3  25.822.824.823.423.023.119.724.4 19.6  18.6  19.9 
Iran (Islamic Republic of)     13.8  9.5     4.6      4.1   
Iraq 10.4        12.9  10.18.0 7.1    8.5   
Jamaica 4.07.08.94.54.05.63.53.42.33.84.12.6 3.1 3.71.82.0 3.2    
Jordan4.8      3.8    3.6      1.9  3.0  
Kazakhstan     4.4   3.8      4.9   3.7    
Kenya   20.119.8   17.5 17.5  16.5 18.4   16.4     
Kiribati                   14.9     
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of        55.5 24.7 17.8 20.6    18.8  15.2  
Korea, Republic of                    0.6    
Kuwait      1.5    2.22.12.32.82.72.72.92.31.71.72.12.2  
Kyrgyzstan       10.4        2.7  4.7  3.7 2.8
Lao People's Democratic Republic   39.835.9     36.4     31.6    26.5   
Lebanon      3.5       4.2          
Lesotho  13.818.9      15.0   16.6    13.5     
Liberia          22.8      20.4  14.9  15.3 
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya     4.2           5.6       
Madagascar  35.540.9 30.4 38.0      36.8          
Malawi  24.4  26.5  26.3 21.5   18.4 15.5  12.113.8   16.7
Malaysia22.123.122.620.519.717.7   16.7      12.9        
Maldives    32.539.0 41.5   25.7       17.8     
Mali      37.7    30.1    27.9   18.9    
Mauritania43.3    13.020.3   30.4      23.215.9  24.419.5  
Mexico      10.3 6.0       3.4     2.8  
Mongolia  11.8      10.811.6   4.85.3    4.7  1.6 
Montenegro               2.2       1.0 
Morocco  8.1    7.7     9.9       3.1   
Mozambique     23.9 26.3   23.0 21.2    18.3  15.6   
Myanmar32.537.0  31.238.7 28.1  30.1  29.6     22.6     
Namibia  21.5       20.3      17.5     13.2 
Nauru                 4.8       
Nepal     42.647.1 38.2  43.0    38.8    29.1   
Nicaragua   9.6    10.3  7.8  4.3 5.7        
Niger  41.0     46.9 43.6     39.9     37.9  
Nigeria35.1  35.1         27.2   25.726.7  24.4 31.0 
Oman 18.6  10.4    11.3         8.6     
Pakistan 39.035.3  34.2     31.3         30.931.6  
Panama       6.3     5.1    3.9      
Papua New Guinea               18.1    27.9    
Paraguay2.8              3.4      2.6  
Peru  8.8   5.7   5.2    5.4  4.54.34.34.23.5  
Philippines29.9 29.826.3    28.3    20.7    20.7  20.2 19.9 
Qatar     4.8                   
Republic of Moldova               3.2      2.2  
Romania 5.0       3.43.73.83.5            
Rwanda  24.3   22.6   20.3    18.0    11.7    
Saint Lucia                      2.8  
Samoa         1.7               
Sao Tome and Principe          10.1     8.0 14.4      
Saudi Arabia    13.5          5.3         
Senegal  20.421.9  19.6   20.3    14.5     19.214.416.8 
Serbia               1.8    1.6   1.8
Seychelles                      3.6  
Sierra Leone25.4         24.7    28.3  21.3 21.1  18.1 
Singapore          3.3              
Solomon Islands                 11.5       
Somalia          22.8     32.8        
South Africa     8.0   9.8    11.6   8.7      
South Sudan                32.5   27.6    
Sri Lanka   33.8 29.3    22.8      21.1 21.6  26.3  
State of Palestine      3.6          2.2  3.7   1.4
Sudan (former)                27.01   32.2    
Suriname          11.4     7.5   5.8    
Swaziland          9.1     6.1 7.3 5.8    
Syrian Arab Republic   11.5 11.3    6.011.1    10.0  10.1     
Tajikistan               14.9 15.0 8.3  13.3  
Thailand   16.3 15.4          7.0     9.2  
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia         1.9     1.8     1.3   
Timor-Leste            40.641.5   48.6 45.3     
Togo      16.7 23.8       22.3 20.5 16.5    
Trinidad and Tobago          4.4              
Tunisia    8.1  3.3  3.5     3.3     2.3  
Turkey   8.7 9.0  7.0     3.5   1.7    1.9 
Turkmenistan          10.5              
Tuvalu                 1.6       
Uganda     20.8    19.0     16.4    14.1   
Ukraine          4.1 0.8            
United Republic of Tanzania  25.1   26.9  25.3    16.7    15.916.213.6  13.4
United States 0.9       4.7 1.11.35.16.01.1 4.2 0.8 4.00.5  
Uruguay            5.4            
Uzbekistan      13.3     7.1   4.4        
Vanuatu      10.6          11.7       
Venezuela6.75.44.54.03.94.14.44.54.64.13.94.04.24.64.54.13.93.73.22.9     
Viet Nam   36.940.6   35.831.126.7 23.424.623.822.722.122.620.2 17.512.0   
Yemen 29.6    34.247.6     43.1       35.5   
Zambia  21.2   19.6  19.6  23.3    14.9       
Zimbabwe    11.8    11.5     14.0   12.710.1   11.2
Footnotes
1
Data for Sudan prior to the independence of South Sudan in 2011 include those for South Sudan.
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