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Last updated: 06 Jul 2015
Country19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012
Afghanistan              12.2        
Albania          7.8    1.7   2.2   
Algeria  2.8  4.3    1.3 4.5  1.3       
Angola      15.2          6.6     
Argentina               0.4       
Armenia        0.5 0.5    1.1    1.7  
Azerbaijan          5.8     2.3      
Bahrain                       
Bangladesh 26.825.922.123.321.620.321.517.315.414.413.912.411.814.110.310.312.1   11.1 
Belarus               0.5       
Belize                1.5    1.3 
Benin      10.3    6.9    6.3      
Bhutan         3.3        1.7 3.3  
Bolivia    4.1   1.5    1.6    1.0    
Bosnia and Herzegovina          1.2     0.6     0.9
Botswana          3.6      3.8     
Brazil      1.0     0.9    0.3     
Bulgaria              1.0        
Burkina Faso   11.3     15.0   16.6  20.1  7.08.36.16.2
Burundi          14.2         8.1  
Cambodia      17.0   14.6    7.6  9.1 7.5  
Cameroon 7.3      5.2     5.1 5.7    5.0 
Cape Verde                       
Central African Republic    7.9     7.6     11.8   7.9  
Chad       14.8  12.4   15.0     12.9  
Chile                       
China2.6 3.5  2.3  1.3 1.1 1.5  0.7  0.90.80.6  
Colombia     1.3    1.1    0.8    0.6  
Comoros      9.3   13.3           4.4
Congo               3.4     2.4 
Costa Rica                       
Cote d'Ivoire    7.4   5.6       5.411.1    3.2
Cuba                       
Czech Republic           0.3           
Democratic Republic of the Congo           17.6     13.4  8.4  
Djibouti            10.6   14.6     12.8
Dominican Republic 2.4    1.2   1.1 0.8    0.6     
Ecuador              1.4        
Egypt 4.5 2.7 3.6       2.5 1.7  1.9    
El Salvador   1.3    1.5    0.7    1.3    
Equatorial Guinea       3.0  5.1   4.7        
Eritrea     18.0      12.8          
Ethiopia          17.5    13.7     9.5 
Fiji              1.2        
Gabon          2.5           1.2
Gambia          4.4     3.9   4.2  
Georgia               1.0   0.5   
Germany               0.1       
Ghana   9.9     6.0   5.6  4.0 3.6  2.6 
Guatemala     6.8   5.4  3.9      2.2   
Guinea         7.6     7.9 6.7    4.1
Guinea-Bissau          7.9     6.4 3.9 4.6  
Guyana          4.2     3.6  2.4   
Haiti    9.1     4.3     7.3     3.1
Honduras      4.2    2.3    1.6      
India   24.3     20.0      17.4      
Indonesia  8.1     10.98.96.14.88.48.64.19.6 5.1  4.4  
Iran (Islamic Republic of)                     0.8 
Iraq          3.1     2.5    3.7 
Jamaica    0.81.11.61.10.80.22.11.50.8 1.4        
Jordan1.0      0.8    0.7      0.2  0.5
Kazakhstan     1.7   1.2      1.7   1.2  
Kenya   7.1    6.0 6.7  5.0     4.1   
Kiribati                   8.2   
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of            6.9      3.9  2.9
Kuwait           0.50.50.50.60.50.50.50.50.30.40.40.3
Kyrgyzstan       1.8        0.5  0.9  0.9
Lao People's Democratic Republic          15.4     9.8      
Lebanon      0.6       1.4        
Lesotho          4.6   4.7    2.8   
Liberia          8.6      7.2  2.3  
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya     0.9           2.0     
Madagascar  11.2    13.6      12.6        
Malawi  9.0       7.4   5.6 3.9  3.63.7  
Malaysia                2.4      
Maldives    8.6  18.9   6.7       3.5   
Mali      19.9    11.9    11.3      
Mauritania21.7         13.2      7.32.6   3.8
Mexico        1.3       0.6     0.3
Mongolia         3.33.9   0.61.6    2.4  
Montenegro               1.1       
Morocco  2.4    2.2     3.2       0.8 
Mozambique       13.2     7.9    5.1  4.8 
Myanmar          9.5  9.4     5.6   
Namibia  6.5       6.4      4.6     
Nauru                 0.8     
Nepal      16.3 11.5  13.2    11.0    8.1 
Nicaragua   1.9    2.7  2.1  1.7 0.9      
Niger  18.0     20.6 19.0     16.5     13.3
Nigeria15.1            11.9   12.112.7  9.1 
Oman    0.8    1.6         1.3   
Pakistan 17.514.6        12.7         11.3 
Panama       1.3          0.8    
Papua New Guinea               5.2       
Paraguay0.7                      
Peru  2.2   1.4   1.0    0.6  0.50.6 0.50.5
Philippines             4.8    4.3  4.4 
Qatar                       
Republic of Moldova               0.5       
Romania         0.80.90.90.8          
Rwanda  6.9       6.2    4.9    2.5  
Samoa                       
Sao Tome and Principe          3.0       4.3    
Saudi Arabia               1.0       
Senegal   7.8      7.0    3.9     5.82.8
Serbia               0.6    0.5  
Sierra Leone          9.7    11.1  8.0 8.1  
Singapore          0.4            
Solomon Islands                 2.4     
Somalia                13.1      
South Africa              5.4        
South Sudan                18.6   12.2  
Sri Lanka          4.7      3.7 3.9   
State of Palestine                 0.6     
Sudan (former)                10.01   12.6  
Suriname          2.8     1.2   1.3  
Swaziland          3.1     1.5 1.1 1.0  
Syrian Arab Republic   4.4       3.8    3.4  3.7   
Tajikistan               4.3 6.0    3.7
Thailand                0.7      
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia         0.6     0.6     0.2 
Timor-Leste            14.6    14.6 16.9   
Togo        8.1       8.6 3.2 4.2  
Trinidad and Tobago          1.0            
Tunisia    2.9           0.9      
Turkey   2.4    2.0     0.8   0.3    
Turkmenistan               1.2       
Tuvalu                 0.3     
Uganda     7.4    5.8     4.7    3.8 
Ukraine          1.3            
United Republic of Tanzania  8.5   9.0  7.8    4.1     4.1  
United States 0.2       1.7 0.21.61.91.7  1.2   1.3 
Uzbekistan      5.4     2.3   1.4      
Vanuatu                 2.4     
Venezuela                       
Viet Nam   9.7     7.95.9 5.15.25.05.04.65.73.8 2.0  
Yemen 8.5     21.0     18.5       12.6 
Zambia  6.4   6.2  5.7  7.4    3.5     
Zimbabwe    2.9    3.0     4.1    2.2  
Footnotes
1
Data for Sudan prior to the independence of South Sudan in 2011 include those for South Sudan.
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