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Last updated: 06 Jul 2015
Country1990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014
Afghanistan0.550.55 0.340.490.49   0.080.000.000.450.550.430.580.620.610.640.660.680.710.720.70 
Albania0.970.980.991.010.980.970.970.980.980.980.980.990.960.96           
Algeria0.840.850.860.860.870.880.890.900.910.910.910.910.920.920.920.920.930.940.940.940.940.940.940.95 
American Samoa1.011.021.02                      
Andorra                         
Angola0.920.910.86     0.82         0.860.850.810.64   
Anguilla                         
Antigua and Barbuda  0.92              0.970.960.960.920.920.93  
Argentina0.990.99    0.991.000.990.990.980.990.990.990.990.990.980.990.990.990.980.990.99  
Armenia 1.051.031.031.041.021.021.05 1.081.001.021.021.031.061.081.101.101.101.14     
Aruba         0.980.970.970.950.930.920.940.960.960.960.970.990.971.03  
Australia1.001.001.001.001.001.001.000.991.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.000.99 
Austria1.001.000.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.991.000.990.990.980.980.990.990.991.001.00 
Azerbaijan 0.991.000.990.961.141.100.990.991.000.980.980.980.940.960.950.941.000.990.990.990.980.98  
Bahamas  1.011.02 1.001.041.001.000.97  1.00 0.990.990.990.991.001.031.02    
Bahrain1.031.011.011.021.021.011.000.990.980.97               
Bangladesh0.84              1.051.061.081.071.051.071.06   
Barbados0.98 1.01      1.041.051.061.071.061.061.071.051.071.051.041.020.99   
Belarus   0.990.990.960.960.950.960.980.990.990.990.990.970.970.980.981.000.991.001.001.001.00 
Belgium1.011.011.010.990.990.990.99  0.990.990.990.990.991.001.000.991.001.001.001.001.000.991.00 
Belize 0.960.950.950.950.960.950.96 0.960.950.960.960.970.970.960.970.980.970.970.970.970.970.96 
Benin0.500.490.500.510.540.550.570.590.620.640.670.680.700.720.750.770.80 0.840.860.880.880.890.90 
Bermuda     1.00 1.00   1.011.041.041.061.051.07   1.000.980.970.97 
Bhutan 0.600.750.760.770.780.800.820.830.850.870.890.910.940.970.970.990.991.011.021.021.021.021.01 
Bolivia0.930.940.940.960.960.960.970.970.980.980.990.990.990.991.00 1.001.000.990.990.990.980.980.97 
Bosnia and Herzegovina                         
Botswana1.071.071.051.041.031.011.011.011.001.001.001.000.990.990.980.990.980.970.970.97  0.97  
Brazil                         
British Virgin Islands                         
Brunei Darussalam 0.940.950.970.970.970.980.970.970.950.970.970.970.980.980.990.990.980.990.990.990.990.980.99 
Bulgaria0.980.980.980.981.000.990.980.980.970.970.970.970.980.980.980.990.990.991.001.001.001.000.990.99 
Burkina Faso0.630.640.650.650.660.660.67 0.690.700.710.720.740.750.780.800.820.840.870.890.910.930.950.97 
Burundi0.800.840.820.82 0.800.850.840.810.780.790.790.770.790.820.840.890.910.930.950.970.980.991.01 
Cambodia    0.840.82 0.830.840.870.880.890.900.910.920.930.940.940.940.940.960.950.950.93 
Cameroon0.860.860.92 0.900.900.860.870.830.820.850.870.860.850.860.840.840.860.860.870.860.870.88 0.89
Canada0.990.980.990.990.990.990.99 1.001.001.00   0.990.990.991.001.001.001.001.011.01  
Cape Verde0.970.99  0.97   0.960.950.960.960.960.950.950.950.950.940.940.930.930.920.910.92 
Cayman Islands                         
Central African Republic0.630.640.66        0.680.670.690.660.690.690.700.700.710.710.730.74  
Chad0.440.460.480.480.480.490.500.530.550.590.610.640.650.670.660.680.680.700.710.710.740.750.760.77 
Channel Islands                         
Chile0.980.980.980.98  0.970.970.970.970.98 0.980.970.950.960.950.950.950.950.970.970.970.97 
China0.900.910.930.930.940.960.970.980.99  1.011.011.01  1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.01 
China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region     1.000.99 0.980.97        0.980.980.980.980.980.98 
China, Macao Special Administrative Region0.950.960.960.96     0.99               
Colombia1.151.021.061.020.990.991.00 0.971.001.000.990.99 0.990.980.980.990.991.000.98    
Comoros0.700.730.840.870.82   0.850.850.85 0.820.820.88  0.900.92  0.85 0.94 
Congo0.940.920.940.940.940.850.940.900.900.960.920.940.940.940.940.930.910.930.930.930.950.941.07  
Cook Islands        1.000.951.010.960.960.97 1.03 0.95 1.010.990.970.950.98 
Costa Rica0.990.990.990.991.001.001.000.990.990.990.980.990.98 0.990.980.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.99 
Cote d'Ivoire0.710.710.710.710.720.730.730.740.750.750.750.770.740.80  0.800.800.800.82 0.840.850.87 
Croatia   1.001.000.990.990.990.990.980.990.990.990.99 1.000.991.001.001.001.000.991.00  
Cuba0.960.970.990.991.001.000.970.970.960.970.960.960.960.960.960.960.970.970.980.980.980.980.990.99 
Cyprus1.001.000.991.001.001.000.991.00 1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.000.990.990.991.000.991.00  
Czech Republic1.001.001.171.011.000.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.991.001.001.011.01 
Democratic Republic of the Congo0.710.750.760.780.750.69  0.740.91  0.79    0.810.840.850.870.870.880.90 
Denmark1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00 1.001.001.001.001.00 1.001.001.001.001.011.001.000.990.990.99 
Djibouti0.740.720.730.780.780.780.750.750.760.720.740.750.77 0.800.820.820.870.890.90 0.910.900.880.87
Dominica0.940.981.011.071.111.14   1.031.021.011.001.011.001.000.990.970.970.970.980.990.970.98 
Dominican Republic        0.970.980.97 1.011.010.950.950.950.940.930.860.880.910.91  
Ecuador   0.990.990.990.990.991.001.000.991.001.001.001.001.000.991.00 1.011.001.001.001.00 
Egypt0.840.830.850.860.850.880.760.87 0.920.920.930.940.950.960.940.940.95 0.960.960.940.960.98 
El Salvador 0.990.990.99 1.000.980.990.980.970.960.970.960.970.970.970.971.000.970.970.960.960.960.96 
Equatorial Guinea   0.940.96     0.820.960.940.97 0.95  0.950.960.970.980.98  
Eritrea                         
Estonia0.970.970.970.980.980.970.980.980.970.970.970.960.960.960.970.970.980.990.990.991.001.011.011.00 
Ethiopia0.660.670.730.700.630.600.570.560.590.610.650.690.720.730.780.840.87        
Faeroe Islands                         
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)                         
Fiji 1.000.99 0.991.000.980.980.990.990.980.991.011.000.99 0.990.981.000.98 1.001.01  
Finland0.990.991.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.000.990.990.990.990.990.991.001.000.990.990.990.990.991.00 
France0.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.991.001.001.00 
French Guiana    0.970.990.99                  
French Polynesia0.960.960.970.980.970.980.97                  
Gabon  1.00 1.001.001.001.00 1.00 1.001.001.00       0.97   
Gambia  0.690.710.730.750.780.800.820.840.870.900.900.981.011.031.051.051.06 1.021.041.041.04 
Georgia 1.000.991.000.930.981.010.991.000.990.991.011.010.980.960.971.020.981.001.011.031.031.011.01 
Germany  1.010.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.991.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.000.991.000.99 
Ghana0.840.860.870.880.890.90   0.920.930.940.940.980.940.960.980.980.980.98 0.990.961.001.00
Greece1.000.991.001.001.001.021.001.011.001.001.001.000.990.990.991.001.001.00  1.001.001.00  
Greenland                         
Grenada   0.990.940.930.980.990.930.970.970.950.951.000.960.97 0.980.950.940.97  0.96 
Guadeloupe 0.970.980.970.97                    
Guam                         
Guatemala 0.870.870.870.860.860.860.860.870.870.890.900.91 0.920.920.930.940.940.960.960.970.960.96 
Guinea0.450.460.460.460.490.510.530.560.590.620.670.700.730.760.780.800.830.840.840.840.820.850.840.85 
Guinea-Bissau  0.550.550.560.580.580.580.58 0.67         0.93    
Guyana 0.960.940.95 0.991.031.05 1.010.970.96 0.98 1.021.041.041.061.081.101.121.13  
Haiti  0.960.950.950.950.950.960.98                
Honduras1.011.011.011.011.011.011.021.021.041.011.01  0.990.990.990.991.001.001.001.001.001.000.99 
Hungary1.000.990.99 0.980.990.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.990.990.990.990.990.99 
Iceland   1.001.001.001.011.010.990.980.980.990.990.980.980.980.991.001.001.001.011.011.01  
India0.740.760.770.800.810.810.820.830.830.840.840.850.870.97   0.981.011.021.011.021.03  
Indonesia0.960.980.990.970.970.960.960.970.940.970.970.980.980.980.990.980.980.970.990.991.041.041.00  
Iran (Islamic Republic of)0.890.900.920.930.940.930.930.930.930.940.940.950.950.960.970.980.980.990.990.990.990.990.991.02 
Iraq 0.850.860.85  0.86  0.830.83  0.850.84  0.84       
Ireland1.011.011.001.001.001.001.001.000.990.990.990.990.990.990.991.000.991.001.001.001.001.001.00  
Israel1.031.031.011.011.00    0.990.991.001.001.001.001.011.011.011.011.011.001.001.001.00 
Italy1.001.001.001.031.040.980.990.990.990.991.000.990.980.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.99  
Jamaica0.991.00 0.97     1.000.990.990.990.990.99          
Japan1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00  
Jordan1.001.011.021.011.011.011.01 1.011.021.01 1.011.011.011.011.021.011.00 0.980.980.98  
Kazakhstan1.051.041.061.061.011.011.011.011.021.011.011.001.001.001.001.001.001.000.991.001.001.011.011.01 
Kenya0.970.970.970.980.990.98  0.980.970.990.980.950.950.940.960.970.990.980.98  1.00  
Kiribati1.011.011.021.031.021.031.031.021.021.010.971.031.010.991.031.021.001.031.041.04     
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of                         
Korea, Republic of1.011.011.011.011.021.021.021.021.021.011.011.001.000.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.99 0.990.99
Kuwait0.980.960.981.001.021.071.011.031.031.011.000.980.970.990.990.980.990.99       
Kyrgyzstan1.02 1.011.011.021.010.970.950.940.990.980.980.980.991.000.990.990.991.001.000.990.990.980.98 
Lao People's Democratic Republic0.790.790.800.790.790.810.810.820.830.850.850.860.860.870.880.880.880.890.900.910.930.940.950.95 
Latvia1.071.001.011.011.000.970.970.970.980.980.980.980.980.970.960.960.970.960.960.980.991.000.990.99 
Lebanon  1.00 1.000.990.990.970.970.970.970.990.960.940.930.920.910.910.910.920.910.910.910.92 
Lesotho1.251.261.231.201.171.151.141.111.111.101.051.031.021.021.011.011.001.001.001.000.980.970.970.98 
Liberia        0.650.750.74     0.92 0.910.90 0.92  0.92
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya         0.99 1.021.000.970.970.990.96        
Liechtenstein             1.020.99 1.030.990.961.020.941.011.02  
Lithuania 0.930.940.950.920.970.970.970.980.980.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.980.970.970.980.980.990.99 
Luxembourg 1.08       1.011.011.000.991.001.001.001.011.001.01 1.011.021.01  
Madagascar0.960.980.920.960.971.040.96 0.960.970.960.960.960.960.960.960.960.970.970.980.980.980.990.99 
Malawi0.870.870.870.950.960.920.92  0.960.970.970.97 1.031.031.041.041.031.031.041.041.041.03 
Malaysia1.001.001.001.001.001.001.00 1.000.991.000.990.980.960.950.94         
Maldives  1.000.990.980.970.970.971.011.011.001.000.990.980.970.980.970.97       
Mali0.610.610.610.620.640.690.670.670.710.720.750.740.760.770.790.800.820.830.850.860.870.880.88  
Malta0.970.970.980.980.980.970.990.991.001.001.000.990.980.980.980.970.991.001.011.021.021.021.00  
Marshall Islands         0.99  0.931.020.951.261.000.991.011.00 0.99   
Martinique0.960.970.970.990.980.980.97                  
Mauritania0.730.750.780.820.840.840.870.910.940.970.970.960.981.001.011.031.021.031.041.051.051.061.051.05 
Mauritius1.011.011.011.011.001.000.991.001.001.000.990.991.001.000.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.99 
Mayotte                         
Mexico0.970.970.970.960.950.940.930.930.930.940.940.950.960.960.970.970.980.991.001.001.001.001.001.00 
Micronesia, Federated States of              0.980.97 1.01      0.99
Monaco                         
Mongolia 0.991.011.011.041.031.011.031.021.011.011.011.011.000.991.001.000.990.990.980.980.980.970.97 
Montenegro             0.990.990.990.991.001.000.980.981.001.01  
Montserrat            0.96 0.971.041.001.12       
Morocco0.680.690.700.710.720.740.750.770.790.820.850.880.900.910.910.910.910.910.920.930.940.950.950.950.95
Mozambique0.760.740.750.740.730.72  0.730.740.750.770.79 0.830.840.860.870.880.890.900.900.910.91 
Myanmar0.930.940.940.940.940.94   0.970.980.980.990.991.001.000.99 0.990.980.99    
Namibia1.091.041.021.011.000.991.001.001.001.011.001.001.011.001.001.001.000.990.980.980.98 0.97  
Nauru        0.96 1.331.090.970.991.021.050.991.041.06   1.03  
Nepal0.590.620.650.660.690.700.72  0.760.780.830.850.870.880.920.961.001.031.051.071.091.081.081.09
Netherlands1.031.031.021.030.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.970.980.980.980.980.980.990.990.990.99 
Netherlands Antilles                         
New Caledonia                         
New Zealand0.980.990.990.991.001.001.000.991.001.001.000.990.990.990.990.990.991.001.001.001.001.011.001.00 
Nicaragua1.071.061.041.041.031.031.031.031.031.011.011.010.990.980.980.970.980.980.98 0.98    
Niger0.600.600.610.610.580.630.630.640.660.670.680.690.690.700.710.720.730.740.780.790.820.830.840.84 
Nigeria0.790.810.820.810.820.830.86  0.810.810.830.83 0.840.850.870.890.900.900.92    
Niue        0.871.00 0.96  1.030.89         
Northern Mariana Islands                         
Norway1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.011.001.001.001.001.001.001.00 
Oman0.900.920.930.950.980.990.970.980.990.980.970.980.960.96 0.991.000.980.970.94 1.011.011.07 
Pakistan0.53         0.680.680.680.730.730.770.790.830.840.850.850.860.870.87 
Palau         0.930.97   0.97        0.980.96
Panama0.96        0.970.970.970.970.970.970.970.970.970.970.970.960.970.970.97 
Papua New Guinea0.840.850.850.860.860.870.860.870.87 0.860.860.850.860.870.850.85 0.89   0.91  
Paraguay0.960.970.960.970.970.970.970.970.970.960.960.960.960.970.970.970.970.970.970.970.960.960.97  
Peru 0.970.970.97 0.97  0.990.990.991.001.000.990.991.000.990.991.001.001.000.990.990.99 
Philippines0.980.991.001.001.020.990.981.001.001.00 1.000.990.990.990.990.990.990.980.98   0.96 
Poland0.980.980.970.980.980.980.990.980.970.980.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.991.001.001.00 
Portugal0.960.950.960.960.950.950.95 0.960.960.960.980.960.950.950.950.950.940.940.970.970.980.980.98 
Puerto Rico                   1.041.041.041.051.02 
Qatar0.940.940.930.960.960.991.051.080.991.061.051.050.930.890.870.90         
Republic of Moldova0.991.001.000.991.000.99   1.000.991.000.990.990.990.990.990.980.980.981.000.991.001.00 
Reunion    0.98                    
Romania0.991.001.000.990.990.990.990.990.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.990.990.990.980.990.990.980.99  
Russian Federation1.001.001.001.001.000.99   0.990.990.990.991.00 1.001.001.001.001.00 1.011.011.01 
Rwanda0.990.990.98    0.980.960.960.940.950.950.950.971.001.031.021.031.031.031.031.021.02 
Saint Kitts and Nevis0.940.990.970.980.991.01  0.98 1.041.091.051.021.051.02 1.001.011.021.001.021.011.03 
Saint Lucia0.950.950.930.93   0.93 0.950.970.950.970.950.950.960.920.95       
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.99  0.95   0.920.920.950.950.960.970.960.91 0.950.920.930.930.970.960.95 
Samoa    1.021.031.021.031.051.001.021.021.011.011.011.011.001.00 0.970.991.001.00  
San Marino                   1.011.130.990.99  
Sao Tome and Principe0.910.920.97   0.97 0.820.97  0.960.970.980.97 1.000.981.010.990.970.970.980.96
Saudi Arabia               0.99 0.990.990.991.021.031.061.041.05
Senegal0.730.740.750.750.750.770.800.820.840.830.870.890.900.920.950.960.981.001.021.041.051.061.08 1.09
Serbia         0.990.991.000.991.001.001.011.001.001.000.990.991.001.001.00 
Seychelles 1.000.990.981.011.011.021.011.011.031.031.021.000.990.990.97 1.031.041.041.041.051.031.01 
Sierra Leone0.680.69        0.920.70         0.950.991.00 
Singapore                         
Slovakia 0.990.991.001.001.001.001.000.990.980.990.991.000.990.990.990.991.001.001.001.001.001.000.99 
Slovenia   0.991.001.001.000.991.000.991.020.990.990.990.990.990.990.991.001.001.001.001.001.00 
Solomon Islands0.850.850.850.850.87    0.930.92 0.94  0.940.950.95  0.970.970.980.99 
Somalia                 0.55       
South Africa0.990.99  0.970.98 0.970.970.970.950.960.960.950.950.950.940.950.950.950.950.950.950.95 
South Sudan                     0.66   
Spain0.980.990.980.980.980.980.980.980.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.980.990.990.990.990.990.991.01 
Sri Lanka0.970.970.970.970.970.970.97 0.98  0.990.991.001.071.001.001.001.001.000.990.981.000.99 
State of Palestine     0.990.991.00 1.001.001.001.001.001.000.991.001.001.001.000.980.990.991.01 
Sudan           0.850.840.860.850.880.870.840.870.890.900.890.89  
Sudan (former)                         
Suriname1.101.021.010.981.03      0.990.98  0.970.960.940.960.95 0.96 0.96 
Swaziland1.000.980.980.970.980.970.970.970.960.960.950.960.940.960.940.940.930.93 0.920.920.900.92  
Sweden1.001.001.001.011.011.011.011.011.031.031.031.031.031.031.001.001.001.000.991.001.001.001.001.06 
Switzerland1.011.011.010.991.001.001.00 1.000.991.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.00  
Syrian Arab Republic0.900.910.910.910.910.910.910.920.930.920.930.930.940.960.960.970.970.970.970.970.970.970.970.97 
Tajikistan 0.980.980.960.970.970.950.970.950.940.930.930.960.960.960.970.960.970.970.970.970.970.98 0.99
Thailand 0.980.980.98    0.980.970.970.980.98 0.980.970.980.980.980.980.980.970.970.97 
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia   0.990.990.990.980.980.970.980.991.001.011.000.990.990.990.991.001.001.00 1.00  
Timor-Leste              0.920.91  0.940.950.960.95   
Togo0.640.650.66 0.660.680.690.700.720.750.780.790.810.820.840.850.860.870.880.850.900.910.920.89 
Tokelau          1.151.131.121.30           
Tonga0.991.001.011.010.980.990.970.960.950.950.950.960.960.950.950.970.960.960.950.980.980.991.001.00 
Trinidad and Tobago1.021.001.001.001.001.000.990.990.990.990.990.980.990.970.970.97 0.970.970.960.97    
Tunisia0.870.880.890.900.910.920.930.940.940.940.950.950.960.960.960.960.960.960.960.970.970.970.980.97 
Turkey0.910.910.910.910.920.92 0.92 0.910.910.920.930.940.940.950.960.970.970.980.990.990.990.99 
Turkmenistan                        0.98
Turks and Caicos Islands             0.951.031.04         
Tuvalu          1.041.131.131.081.030.960.95      1.00 
Uganda0.800.820.790.800.930.840.870.880.900.910.940.960.980.980.980.991.001.001.011.011.011.02 1.02 
Ukraine   1.001.00   1.001.001.001.001.001.000.991.001.001.001.001.001.011.011.021.02 
United Arab Emirates0.950.960.970.980.980.980.990.980.990.99    0.940.960.990.97 0.920.930.930.97  
United Kingdom1.001.011.00     1.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.001.000.991.001.001.00 
United Republic of Tanzania0.990.980.970.970.980.980.980.990.991.000.990.980.970.960.960.960.970.980.991.001.02 1.031.04 
United States0.990.98 0.980.990.990.99 1.031.030.981.001.011.001.000.991.011.001.001.000.991.000.980.99 
United States Virgin Islands 0.86                       
Uruguay0.990.990.980.990.990.990.990.990.990.990.980.980.980.980.970.980.970.970.970.970.97    
Uzbekistan0.990.980.991.000.980.960.971.001.001.001.000.990.980.990.980.980.980.980.980.980.970.97   
Vanuatu0.980.960.960.970.97  0.980.980.980.970.990.990.990.980.970.980.981.000.990.99  0.96 
Venezuela 0.990.980.98  0.980.98 0.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.980.970.970.970.970.970.980.98 
Viet Nam 0.99   0.99  0.950.930.950.950.950.950.950.950.970.97 0.980.950.961.010.98 
Western Sahara                         
Yemen         0.56 0.620.660.690.710.74  0.80 0.820.820.830.84 
Zambia    0.910.920.91 0.920.910.920.930.92 0.940.940.970.960.960.981.000.980.990.99 
Zimbabwe0.990.970.99  0.970.97 0.970.970.970.970.980.99        0.99  
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