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Last updated: 06 Jul 2015
Country1990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014
Afghanistan0.49            0.270.27    0.23 0.33   
Albania1.111.111.131.071.171.131.161.281.261.411.401.481.531.581.591.521.431.461.391.421.381.351.321.30 
Algeria              1.081.281.261.40 1.431.441.451.481.51 
American Samoa                         
Andorra                         
Angola0.19       0.690.63  0.65        0.37   
Anguilla        0.000.00               
Antigua and Barbuda                   2.152.501.922.07  
Argentina         1.641.551.481.491.521.421.461.521.521.531.511.511.561.57  
Armenia          1.261.341.381.361.521.541.491.501.531.521.541.541.571.51 
Aruba         1.161.511.511.501.431.471.441.461.361.371.431.411.501.50  
Australia1.151.181.190.991.011.041.061.071.221.221.231.231.221.231.231.251.271.291.311.351.371.381.381.37 
Austria0.880.870.880.890.910.930.960.981.001.041.081.121.151.161.181.191.201.201.181.181.171.181.201.20 
Azerbaijan 0.670.650.720.800.900.980.97        1.051.020.980.990.991.021.05  
Bahamas     2.71                   
Bahrain 1.381.591.531.581.621.68  1.74   2.36 3.523.67    1.881.98 2.18
Bangladesh0.20        0.490.490.530.490.490.480.520.550.550.550.60 0.690.72  
Barbados1.50 1.25      2.432.852.66     2.34 2.402.382.45   
Belarus 1.23    1.191.271.271.301.331.341.371.381.381.371.381.421.471.471.451.431.401.35 
Belgium0.960.97 1.001.011.011.03  1.141.121.151.161.171.201.221.241.251.251.241.251.261.281.30 
Belize           1.621.671.571.511.581.671.661.651.711.651.711.691.68 
Benin 0.140.180.190.200.200.220.23 0.240.240.24    0.320.340.370.390.350.27   
Bermuda                2.232.502.092.572.112.122.032.262.07
Bhutan         0.58     0.670.610.570.580.610.610.680.690.74 
Bolivia                 0.84       
Bosnia and Herzegovina                         
Botswana 0.73 0.800.730.910.91  0.920.950.991.02        1.33 1.25 
Brazil                         
British Virgin Islands                         
Brunei Darussalam  1.361.401.42   1.811.841.691.541.571.721.891.992.001.912.021.781.851.741.741.82 
Bulgaria1.151.101.191.391.491.601.701.661.641.541.411.361.241.191.181.161.221.241.321.331.321.301.271.27 
Burkina Faso0.300.300.290.300.320.280.320.30 0.30  0.350.29 0.450.460.460.490.480.480.500.500.49 
Burundi0.410.360.350.35    0.400.410.360.360.43 0.380.380.43   0.510.430.460.42 
Cambodia   0.210.200.180.180.18  0.320.360.40 0.450.460.470.490.510.560.590.61   
Cameroon            0.640.640.640.660.720.790.790.790.810.73   
Canada1.231.231.241.171.161.171.19 1.321.341.34              
Cape Verde          1.031.041.051.151.141.081.131.261.311.351.291.371.391.46 
Cayman Islands                         
Central African Republic0.190.150.17      0.190.19     0.28 0.350.430.32 0.36  
Chad      0.150.170.16 0.180.18 0.110.140.06  0.150.170.170.24   
Channel Islands                         
Chile   0.850.860.860.850.870.880.910.92 0.930.940.950.961.001.011.031.061.071.101.121.11 
China    0.53        0.830.890.910.950.991.031.061.081.111.131.15 
China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region  0.700.740.76        0.991.000.980.950.950.960.950.991.051.071.13 
China, Macao Special Administrative Region0.380.480.550.590.68  0.84 0.730.910.680.500.490.580.640.730.860.920.930.970.991.241.28 
Colombia 1.07   1.051.101.131.001.111.091.101.08 1.081.081.091.090.991.051.101.101.131.14 
Comoros0.17 0.40      0.750.73  0.77     0.710.740.780.860.86 
Congo0.200.220.23      0.270.310.140.190.40     0.21 0.580.630.75 
Cook Islands0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.001.23  
Costa Rica              1.26      1.281.271.24 
Cote d'Ivoire    0.310.33 0.37 0.36       0.50 0.530.52 0.780.62 
Croatia   0.960.940.990.981.071.051.161.161.151.151.191.211.221.231.231.251.271.341.401.36  
Cuba1.411.401.451.421.371.461.541.571.611.181.191.131.241.331.721.711.621.831.671.671.651.641.521.65 
Cyprus1.371.211.651.001.161.271.421.22 1.251.311.371.261.030.981.131.050.990.960.870.901.031.18  
Czech Republic0.790.810.830.830.970.960.920.980.971.031.031.041.091.071.101.161.221.271.321.381.401.421.421.43 
Democratic Republic of the Congo                 0.350.350.31 0.450.550.45 
Denmark1.121.151.171.081.091.121.21 1.291.331.371.331.391.411.401.381.381.401.431.461.451.431.411.38 
Djibouti 0.000.441.281.04 0.890.79 1.050.890.730.810.700.820.730.680.690.680.700.690.68   
Dominica 0.811.441.00                     
Dominican Republic       1.35     1.59        1.60  
Ecuador                  1.15   1.31  
Egypt0.550.60         0.790.810.860.800.830.860.750.920.890.910.900.960.89 
El Salvador    0.940.980.97 1.171.171.141.131.131.121.141.161.161.171.171.161.161.141.131.13 
Equatorial Guinea 0.15        0.45              
Eritrea     0.150.13 0.150.160.170.160.16 0.15    0.320.38   0.50
Estonia  1.041.051.081.101.141.181.411.411.461.561.651.661.671.661.671.641.691.711.651.571.531.48 
Ethiopia0.220.22  0.280.260.240.260.240.230.280.270.360.330.330.32         
Faeroe Islands                         
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)                         
Fiji             1.201.201.19         
Finland1.111.131.161.181.181.171.161.171.201.221.211.221.231.201.201.211.221.231.241.231.221.231.211.21 
France1.151.181.211.221.241.251.251.261.241.231.221.211.251.251.251.261.261.261.261.271.251.251.261.25 
French Guiana                         
French Polynesia                         
Gabon0.43        0.56 0.68 0.59           
Gambia     0.54                   
Georgia 0.91   1.321.131.05 1.070.950.950.990.951.031.031.121.111.201.241.251.201.271.26 
Germany  0.750.770.780.810.850.89               0.93 
Ghana 0.310.310.240.30          0.540.510.520.430.59 0.590.610.63 
Greece1.03 1.001.040.941.051.011.001.091.101.091.151.151.141.171.141.131.10  1.061.031.02  
Greenland                         
Grenada                   1.36     
Guadeloupe                         
Guam                         
Guatemala            0.72    1.00     1.04 
Guinea0.090.070.070.070.07 0.100.120.13     0.190.230.270.330.330.340.330.350.370.44 
Guinea-Bissau                         
Guyana0.72   0.770.830.770.91      1.842.042.162.111.422.072.472.362.14  
Haiti                         
Honduras0.750.790.750.800.78    1.251.271.271.411.411.41   1.51 1.15 1.371.38 
Hungary1.081.061.061.071.121.131.191.191.231.241.221.271.291.371.401.461.461.461.431.371.351.321.301.28 
Iceland1.321.391.451.401.421.401.481.461.551.691.661.711.751.791.871.911.871.871.891.871.801.701.72  
India0.520.54   0.570.610.62  0.660.680.690.680.670.700.720.69 0.700.720.78 0.92 
Indonesia   0.66 0.630.55  0.830.880.770.870.800.79 0.900.980.910.940.870.851.03  
Iran (Islamic Republic of)      0.59  0.790.860.941.001.061.081.061.081.121.151.060.990.991.000.94 
Iraq         0.550.54 0.54 0.600.60         
Ireland0.870.890.930.970.981.021.071.111.151.191.211.251.271.301.261.251.251.251.181.151.071.041.03  
Israel0.981.01 1.09    1.351.441.431.401.381.321.321.331.271.311.291.30 1.321.311.34 
Italy0.960.941.011.061.101.141.161.211.331.271.281.311.331.341.341.361.391.401.411.421.421.431.42  
Jamaica          1.821.972.14     2.242.292.282.322.052.29 
Japan0.650.650.71 0.810.82  0.840.850.850.850.860.880.890.890.880.880.890.890.890.900.90  
Jordan1.291.131.111.121.06 0.950.98  1.16 1.041.121.121.081.131.111.101.101.131.151.15  
Kazakhstan    1.251.251.24  1.141.16    1.421.38     1.301.30 
Kenya          0.540.540.54 0.600.60   0.70     
Kiribati0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00 0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00  0.00  
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of                         
Korea, Republic of0.480.490.520.580.570.580.580.630.590.600.610.610.620.630.640.650.660.680.700.720.740.75 0.750.75
Kuwait1.34 1.631.771.501.661.621.85 1.92 1.851.972.132.10        2.24 
Kyrgyzstan   1.331.301.251.211.211.161.041.011.041.141.191.181.241.261.291.361.341.301.24 1.61 
Lao People's Democratic Republic0.49  0.430.380.410.440.440.430.480.520.590.560.560.620.700.670.720.770.790.770.730.820.88 
Latvia1.421.281.19    1.531.481.651.791.671.661.671.711.791.801.851.891.831.761.641.541.49 
Lebanon  0.91   1.02  1.061.131.141.161.181.061.051.041.071.091.041.041.001.071.09 
Lesotho1.451.531.281.351.331.351.32  1.881.721.831.451.65 1.371.27     1.511.46 
Liberia         0.240.55         0.53 0.63  
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya  0.87      0.980.981.051.101.10           
Liechtenstein             0.380.37 0.430.470.520.490.620.530.55  
Lithuania0.71 1.361.411.451.441.511.491.551.531.531.531.571.551.551.551.541.551.531.491.501.471.441.45 
Luxembourg           1.17 1.19  1.13 0.96 1.11 1.13  
Madagascar0.770.81  0.770.830.810.820.840.840.870.840.830.830.900.890.870.890.890.900.910.930.920.94 
Malawi0.350.350.360.310.360.410.43  0.380.38 0.41 0.550.550.510.51  0.620.65   
Malaysia        1.071.021.061.201.231.331.221.241.171.201.201.191.231.201.21  
Maldives        0.000.000.000.000.002.29   1.591.13      
Mali0.150.160.160.18 0.180.210.250.260.480.490.510.51     0.470.430.420.470.43  
Malta0.780.830.930.981.010.981.051.121.081.111.201.281.391.391.331.361.401.421.441.351.341.341.32  
Marshall Islands            1.28         0.92  
Martinique                         
Mauritania0.130.170.180.180.210.210.220.190.200.22 0.210.280.280.320.340.36 0.410.410.410.420.430.44 
Mauritius0.600.73  0.851.00 0.84 0.800.851.240.980.920.971.031.011.171.241.191.211.301.321.22 
Mayotte                         
Mexico   0.790.820.840.870.900.920.940.950.960.970.970.970.980.970.970.960.960.960.960.960.96 
Micronesia, Federated States of                         
Monaco0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00 0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00 0.00 
Mongolia      2.272.232.141.861.791.761.781.731.691.651.591.561.581.551.541.491.441.42 
Montenegro           1.331.371.471.631.581.561.411.271.311.27    
Montserrat        0.00   0.000.000.000.000.000.00       
Morocco0.610.590.620.650.680.71 0.700.730.720.740.780.780.810.830.810.810.900.890.880.89    
Mozambique  0.320.310.300.280.26      0.470.460.50  0.620.620.650.620.650.69 
Myanmar  1.221.34 1.57  1.56        1.36   1.341.23  
Namibia 1.76  1.581.55 1.131.14  0.841.361.12 0.860.85 1.28      
Nauru0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00      
Nepal0.310.32        0.36 0.230.290.340.530.51 0.600.600.620.64 0.81 
Netherlands0.820.830.870.880.890.920.930.960.981.001.031.051.061.081.071.071.081.091.101.111.111.111.10  
Netherlands Antilles                         
New Caledonia                         
New Zealand1.091.131.171.191.251.261.291.361.431.461.461.451.461.441.441.451.481.471.461.451.461.451.461.45 
Nicaragua1.070.960.98  1.04 1.09    1.10            
Niger0.14            0.310.310.340.290.330.350.350.370.380.34  
Nigeria         0.79   0.700.720.72         
Niue0.00       0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00     
Northern Mariana Islands                         
Norway1.211.191.201.201.211.251.281.331.351.391.451.511.531.531.521.521.541.571.611.631.611.581.581.50 
Oman0.950.971.191.221.341.191.031.010.94    0.721.081.041.041.22 1.371.431.45   
Pakistan0.40 0.27          0.800.790.870.840.840.840.84 0.920.950.98 
Palau          2.352.032.04          1.55 
Panama    1.52   1.571.621.721.741.731.621.691.651.631.611.551.541.541.561.56  
Papua New Guinea     0.470.68 0.580.57               
Paraguay   0.85  1.23  1.381.361.381.401.381.341.13 1.351.351.431.40    
Peru           0.981.071.071.021.021.06   1.09    
Philippines  1.49  1.371.36 1.331.27 1.101.301.281.281.231.25 1.241.241.261.251.241.26 
Poland1.481.341.371.311.371.411.451.461.361.371.401.431.421.421.401.401.401.401.411.431.511.551.551.55 
Portugal 1.291.571.301.351.341.33 1.311.301.341.371.371.351.321.301.281.221.201.191.191.191.201.18 
Puerto Rico                 1.601.561.561.481.451.431.43 
Qatar3.613.464.665.195.385.545.154.283.463.06 3.283.653.983.883.493.534.314.765.415.505.936.766.66 
Republic of Moldova     1.151.251.22 1.291.321.291.341.321.351.461.381.391.451.391.341.351.321.29 
Reunion                         
Romania0.950.910.870.910.910.941.071.041.041.081.121.201.251.251.281.271.311.341.351.341.351.33   
Russian Federation 1.231.231.23       1.301.351.301.361.361.361.351.351.34 1.321.26  
Rwanda0.23          0.490.490.540.59    0.740.750.720.770.75 
Saint Kitts and Nevis  1.181.22              2.09      
Saint Lucia   1.49  2.51       3.382.725.312.332.242.572.581.742.182.00 
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines2.17        0.000.000.000.000.000.00          
Samoa        0.961.050.92              
San Marino                    1.461.491.38  
Sao Tome and Principe0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.920.97 0.86  
Saudi Arabia 1.000.790.930.820.840.840.861.101.211.261.201.271.421.441.381.361.241.261.271.171.121.061.04 
Senegal  0.32             0.460.520.540.580.59    
Serbia           1.211.241.311.321.301.291.291.301.291.301.321.321.33 
Seychelles0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.003.203.352.20 
Sierra Leone          0.810.400.40            
Singapore                         
Slovakia   0.960.991.001.021.051.081.111.061.101.131.181.231.291.421.491.581.591.541.541.541.54 
Slovenia1.211.251.131.211.261.341.351.351.311.361.371.371.441.351.381.431.461.481.491.501.511.701.491.46 
Solomon Islands0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00     
Somalia                         
South Africa0.790.830.860.850.91                 1.37  
South Sudan                         
Spain1.071.091.101.121.091.161.171.171.181.181.181.161.191.191.221.221.221.231.241.241.231.231.221.22 
Sri Lanka    0.50               1.861.771.661.60 
State of Palestine      0.800.820.830.860.900.930.951.011.011.021.161.211.211.301.341.381.411.50 
Sudan         1.121.231.161.181.161.131.131.191.191.101.141.181.051.131.12 
Sudan (former)                         
Suriname1.22           1.72            
Swaziland0.640.760.640.71  0.98  0.870.90 1.16 1.081.070.99    1.04 1.05 
Sweden1.191.221.231.241.251.261.291.311.341.411.451.501.531.541.541.541.541.571.591.581.531.511.551.56 
Switzerland0.530.540.550.570.590.600.61 0.700.720.750.750.780.810.830.870.900.920.991.010.990.990.991.00 
Syrian Arab Republic0.640.650.670.710.720.72      0.860.890.850.900.920.880.910.940.881.011.001.01 
Tajikistan         0.430.450.410.430.440.460.480.490.500.510.530.530.520.520.560.61
Thailand   1.14     1.151.191.121.101.141.181.131.071.231.201.211.281.271.311.34 
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia1.001.121.071.121.171.231.241.251.261.301.311.361.321.361.401.381.381.261.201.181.17 1.20  
Timor-Leste            1.23      0.690.73    
Togo0.150.160.130.130.130.150.17 0.20             0.270.39 
Tokelau0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00     
Tonga         1.35  1.681.66           
Trinidad and Tobago 0.790.690.71     1.381.491.531.491.591.26          
Tunisia0.620.650.680.700.740.770.800.830.870.961.041.101.19         1.591.62 
Turkey0.500.500.510.520.590.62 0.540.660.66 0.700.710.740.720.730.750.750.770.790.810.840.850.86 
Turkmenistan                        0.64
Turks and Caicos Islands                  0.90      
Tuvalu0.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.000.00     
Uganda0.390.380.400.430.460.480.50  0.530.510.530.630.600.62 0.77 0.800.800.790.78   
Ukraine    1.32   1.121.141.141.171.191.211.231.241.241.251.251.271.261.181.151.19 
United Arab Emirates4.084.355.614.16                     
United Kingdom0.930.960.981.011.031.061.041.091.131.151.181.221.261.301.371.391.411.411.411.391.371.361.361.35 
United Republic of Tanzania 0.190.190.180.210.190.210.240.250.270.300.310.330.440.410.48    0.82 0.550.54 
United States1.231.25 1.271.281.301.31 1.321.321.331.341.361.381.401.411.421.421.401.401.391.391.391.37 
United States Virgin Islands                         
Uruguay        1.841.761.761.811.952.032.021.741.681.751.741.741.73    
Uzbekistan         0.820.840.810.800.770.780.700.700.710.680.70 0.65   
Vanuatu            0.570.590.59          
Venezuela          1.46 1.091.07    1.69      
Viet Nam        0.660.770.730.740.760.77 0.710.961.000.980.991.001.02 0.90 
Western Sahara                         
Yemen  0.21    0.16 0.28  0.340.350.370.360.380.410.43 0.440.44   
Zambia        0.460.460.46              
Zimbabwe  0.48                 0.800.760.780.85 
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