Welcome GuestLogin
RSS

Navigation





Search the wiki
»

8.16 Internet users per 100 inhabitants

RSS
Modified on 2012/11/05 14:23 by MDG Wiki Handbook Categorized as Goal 8
Contents

GOAL AND TARGET ADDRESSED

Goal 8. Develop a global partnership for development
Target 8.F: In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications

DEFINITION AND METHOD OF COMPUTATION

Definition
This indicator is the percentage of individuals using the Internet.

Concepts
The Internet is a world-wide public computer network. It provides access to a number of communication services including the World Wide Web and carries e-mail, news, entertainment and data files, irrespective of the device used (not assumed to be only via a computer − it may also be by mobile-cellular telephone, other wireless devices, games machine, digital TV etc.). Access can be via a fixed or mobile network.

Individuals using the Internet refers to those that used the Internet in the last 12 months from any location. Data are based on surveys generally carried out by national statistical offices or estimated based on the number of Internet subscriptions.

Method of computation
This indicator is calculated by dividing the total number of in-scope individuals using the Internet (from any location) in the last 12 months by the total number of in-scope individuals.

RATIONALE AND INTERPRETATION

Besides capturing the use of the Internet, this indicator is able to measure changes in Internet access and use. In countries where many people access the Internet at work, at school, at cybercafés or other public locations, increases in public access serve to increase the number of users despite limited numbers of Internet subscriptions and of households with Internet access. Developing countries especially tend to have many Internet users per Internet subscriptions, reflecting that home access is not the primary location of access.

SOURCES AND DATA COLLECTION

A growing number of countries are measuring the percentage of individuals using the Internet through household surveys. Surveys usually indicate a percentage of the population for a certain age range (e.g. 15-74 years old). The percentage of individuals using the Internet in this age range is used to estimate the percentage of individuals using the Internet for the entire population. Where surveys are not available, an estimate of the percentage of individuals using the Internet may be derived based on a number of indicators such as fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions, fixed-telephone subscriptions, active mobile-broadband subscriptions and the income of the country.

DISAGGREGATION

Disaggregation for this indicator, including by age and sex, is possible in countries where data are derived from household surveys. This is the case in a growing number of developing countries.

COMMENTS AND LIMITATIONS

While the data on the percentage of individuals using the Internet are very reliable for countries that have carried out official household surveys, they are much less reliable in cases where the number of Internet users is estimated based on the number of Internet subscriptions. The methodology used to estimate the percentage of individuals using the Internet should always be described when presenting the data.

GENDER EQUALITY ISSUES

Disparities in the status of women and girls within households, as well as differences in education and culture, may affect their access to the Internet.

DATA FOR GLOBAL AND REGIONAL MONITORING

Data for global and regional monitoring of this indicator are produced by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Data on percentage of individuals using the Internet are collected through an annual questionnaire that ITU sends to national statistical offices (NSOs). If the NSO provides survey-based data for the number of individuals using the Internet, ITU uses these data. If the NSO has not collected any Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) data, then ITU estimates the percentage of individuals using the Internet using a statistical model that includes several indicators such as the number of fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions, fixed-telephone subscriptions, active mobile-broadband subscriptions and the income of the country.

The data are verified to ensure consistency with previous years’ data. For most developed and an increasing number of developing countries, percentage of individuals using the Internet data are based on methodologically sound household surveys conducted by national statistical agencies. For countries where household surveys do not include information on this indicator, and where countries do not provide their own estimates, ITU estimates the percentage of individuals using the Internet based on a statistical model that includes several indicators such as the number of fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions, fixed-telephone subscriptions, active mobile broadband subscriptions and the income of the country.

Data are usually not adjusted, but discrepancies in the definition, reference period or the break in comparability between years are noted in a data note. For this reason, data are not always strictly comparable.

Discrepancies between global and national figures may arise when countries use a different definition than the one used by ITU. Discrepancies may also arise in cases where the age scope of the surveys differs, or when the country only provides data for a certain age group and not the total population. Since there are major data gaps for this indicator at the country level, ITU estimates many of these data.

Regional and global aggregates of the number of Internet users are calculated as unweighted sums of the country values. Regional and global values for the percentage of individuals using the Internet are averages of the country values weighted by the population of the countries and regions.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION



EXAMPLES



REFERENCES

INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION (2011). Handbook for the Collection of Administrative Data on Telecommunication/ICT. Geneva. Available from http://www.itu.int/pub/D-IND-ITC_IND_HBK-2011.

INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION (annual). World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database. Geneva. Available from www.itu.int/ITU-D/ict/publications/world/world.html

INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION (2009). Manual for measuring ICT access and use by households and individuals. Geneva. Available from www.itu.int/publ/D-IND-ITCMEAS-2009/en

INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION (Website). ICT Eye. Geneva. Available from www.itu.int/ITU-D/icteye/

ScrewTurn Wiki version 3.0.4.560. Some of the icons created by FamFamFam.