Official development assistance (ODA) comprises grants or loans to developing countries and territories on the OECD Development Assistance Committee list of aid recipients that are undertaken by the official sector with promotion of economic development and welfare as the main objective and at concessional financial terms. Technical cooperation is included. Grants, loans and credits for military purposes are excluded. Also excluded are aid to more advanced developing and transition countries as determined by the DAC.
Untied bilateral official development assistance is assistance from country to country for which the associated goods and services may be fully and freely procured in substantially all countries.
a) Net bilateral ODA untied (US$ million)
b) Net bilateral ODA untied / total net bilateral ODA (%)
Components of bilateral united and net ODA are described in the “Definition” section, above.
Tying status of bilateral ODA excludes technical co-operation and administrative costs. The reporting rate, defined as the percentage of bilateral ODA covered by the tying status reporting (excluding technical co-operation and administrative costs) was 79.5% in 2006 for the total DAC.
The estimates used in the global-MDG database are national figures, reported according to internationally agreed guidelines, and are not modified.
All data on ODA are collected by the OECD/DAC Secretariat from its 23 members, then checked and aggregated by the OECD/DAC Secretariat. The DAC Secretariat collects two sets of data:
1. DAC Questionnaire. A set of eight statistical tables completed annually in the Fall by DAC members, who report the amount and destination of their official and private flows made in the previous year. Detailed information is collected regarding the destination, form, terms, sector and tying status of official flows. A simplified form of the questionnaire is completed by multilateral agencies. Non-DAC donors also report on a voluntary basis on an abridged questionnaire. There is also a one-page “Advance Questionnaire on Main DAC Aggregates” completed by DAC members each April to give preliminary data on their ODA flows made in the previous year. See www.oecd.org/dac/stats/dac/guide for details.
2. Creditor Reporting System (CRS). A system for reporting individual official transactions (both ODA and other official flows) relevant to development. Reports are received directly from participating official agencies, including bilateral and multilateral aid agencies, development lending institutions, and export credit agencies. Follow up reports on the disbursement and repayment status of loans allow the Secretariat to calculate the debt burden of developing countries. See www.oecd.org/dac/stats/dac/guide for details.
The DAC Working Party on Statistics reviews the operation of the data collection system in annual formal meetings, and in informal meetings. The OECD/DAC Secretariat checks the data and their compliance with the methodology. Bilateral work with reporters is undertaken as necessary in order to resolve reporting issues.
There is no adjustment for missing data, as the indicator is calculated only for years and countries for which suitable data are available.
Data are available for approximately 21 countries. Data are not available for the United States.
Data are collected in year Y for year Y-1. Complete data are available towards the end of the year. Data are produced annually.
Regional and global aggregates are made by straight addition and do not involve any estimation for missing values.
Estimates are published annually at the end of the calendar year in International Development Statistics (IDS) database at the following address: