Official Development Assistance (ODA) comprises grants or loans to developing countries and territories on the OECD Development Assistance Committee list of aid recipients that are undertaken by the official sector with promotion of economic development and welfare as the main objective and at concessional financial terms (if a loan, having a grant element of at least 25 per cent). Technical cooperation is included. Grants, loans and credits for military purposes are excluded. Also excluded is aid to more advanced developing and transition countries as determined by DAC.
Activities to help build trade capacity enhance the ability of the recipient country:
ODA to help build trade capacity / total sector allocable ODA (%)
Components of ODA and activities to help build trade capacity are described in the “Definition” section, above.
The series "Multilateral agencies", which includes data from 18 multilateral organizations, has been added as most of aid to build trade capacity is channeled through the multilateral channel; data for the multilateral organizations include both activities funded through their regular budgets and those implemented by them using trust funds financing.
There are differences in the methodology used for reporting trade development activities among donors who replied to the requests for information. A number of donors isolated the trade components of each activity, whereas others reported the whole activity as trade related. The total amounts of trade-related technical assistance and capacity building per donor in this category should therefore be interpreted with caution.
There is a need to refine the activity categories to better identify general trade development activities, such as trade fairs, trade information, publications or general export training. At present, most of these activities appear under “business support services and institutions”.
The estimates used in the global-MDG database are national figures, reported accordingly to international agreed guidelines, and are not modified.
All data on ODA are collected by the OECD/DAC Secretariat from its 23 members, then checked and aggregated by the OECD/DAC Secretariat. The DAC Secretariat collects two sets of data:
1. DAC Questionnaire. A set of eight statistical tables completed annually in the Fall by DAC members, who report the amount and destination of their official and private flows made in the previous year. Detailed information is collected regarding the destination, form, terms, sector and tying status of official flows. A simplified form of the questionnaire is completed by multilateral agencies. Non-DAC donors also report on a voluntary basis on an abridged questionnaire. There is also a one-page “Advance Questionnaire on Main DAC Aggregates” completed by DAC members each April to give preliminary data on their ODA flows made in the previous year. See www.oecd.org/dac/stats/dac/guide for details.
2. Creditor Reporting System (CRS). A system for reporting individual official transactions (both ODA and other official flows) relevant to development. Reports are received directly from participating official agencies, including bilateral and multilateral aid agencies, development lending institutions, and export credit agencies. Follow up reports on the disbursement and repayment status of loans allow the Secretariat to calculate the debt burden of developing countries. See www.oecd.org/dac/stats/dac/guide for details.
The DAC Working Party on Statistics reviews the operation of the data collection system in annual formal meetings, and in informal meetings. The OECD/DAC Secretariat checks the data and their compliance with the methodology. Bilateral work with reporters is undertaken as necessary in order to resolve reporting issues.
The data on ODA to build trade capacity are collected through the joint WTO/OECD Trade Capacity Building Database (TCBDB) (http://tcbdb.wto.org). 26 bilateral donors and 19 multilateral agencies reported to the TCBDB since its creation in 2001. Data are collected and then checked and aggregated by the OECD/DAC and WTO Secretariats. Bilateral work with reporters is undertaken as necessary in order to resolve reporting issues.
There is no adjustment for missing data, as the indicator is calculated only for years and countries for which suitable data are available.
The series begin in 2001.The data reflect trade-related aid activities of 22 of the 23 OECD Members (only Luxembourg does not report). Data are not available for Greece in 2001 and 2002, for Norway in 2002 and for Finland in 2004.
Data are compiled annually, generally around March. At that time (say year y), tariff data are available for the preceding year (y-1), and trade data for y-2. The indicators are thus compiled for year y-2.
Regional and global aggregates are made by straight addition and do not involve any estimation for missing values.
Estimates are published annually, at the end of the calendar year in the Trade Capacity Building Database at the following address: http://tcbdb.wto.org